Socio-economic Impact Assessments
Economics, as a function of human activities, is the biggest contributor to the deterioration of nature, which compromises the health of ecosystems, on which all species are dependent on their perpetuation.
The population explosion of the past five decades, with the accompanying accumulation of consumption patterns and economic activities, was the main driver of the loss of ecosystems and species.
Therefore a thorough socio-economic assessment is necessary to determine the impact of any land use activity, both economically and socially.
Environmental Impact Assessments
The National Environmental Management Act (NEMA Act 107 of 1998), provides for a number of listed activities for which an Environmental Impact Assessment must be conducted before development can take place. Assistance, guidance, and support with the development of EIAs can be provided.
Spatial Development Frameworks (SDFs) and Environmental Management Frameworks (EMFs)
Spatial planning tools accommodated by NEMA include Spatial Development Frameworks (SDFs) and Environmental Management Frameworks (EMFs).
The provinces and municipalities are obliged to develop maps and associated reports, which indicate desired patterns of land use and provide strategic guidance for the location and nature of development and conservation. Expertise in this regard is available within the Multiprof team.
Bioregional Plans and Biodiversity Management Plan for ecosystems and species.
The National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (10 of 2004) makes provision for bioregional plans and biodiversity management plans for ecosystems and species that warrant protection. A bioregional plan entails the identification of critical biodiversity areas, ecological support areas and areas for the declaration of nature reserves within a specific demarcated area, which includes open space planning. Biodiversity Management plans for ecosystems and species can be developed on-demand, with the assistance of specialists in this regard.
Water and wetlands management
South Africa is a dry country, therefore it is of the utmost importance to conserve freshwater ecosystems. Identifying ecosystem priority areas and water source areas will provide guidance for the avoidance of important water and wetland ecosystems when planning for development is at stake.
Coal mining is often associated with a number of negative consequences, such as the lowering of the water table, subsidence, reduction of moisture content in soil and atmosphere, rise of temperature, disturbance of hydrological cycle, rainfall and climate, dust pollution, spontaneous heating and chances of a fire in the vicinity. Water-pollution problems caused by mining include acid mine drainage, metal contamination, and increased sediment levels in streams.
Technical proficiency exists in the Multiprof team to deal with these challenges